Respiratory infectious diseases present a major health problem among military conscripts. To examine determinants of hand washing and their relations to trust in authority-provided health information, a social-cognitive model was applied to cross-sectional data from 140 Finnish conscripts aged 18 to 22. The results show that trust in authority-provided health information is associated with higher self-efficacy, higher knowledge, higher perceived effectiveness, and lower perceived risk; that higher self-efficacy and higher disease worry are associated with hand washing; and that trust in authority-provided health information has a direct, independent effect on hand washing. The results give information for designing behavior change interventions.
Self-building courses have been identified as a stimulus for user innovations, local embedding and diffusion of renewable energy technology. In this paper we explore the Finnish solar heat collector self-building courses. Our empirical material consists of field observations, interviews with teachers and a survey of participants since the early activities in late 1990s. Our findings show that course participants have started to follow energy discussions, collect information and actively advise others. Participants view themselves as increasing capable actors in renewable energy. They have also begun to engage in energy saving and renewable energy at home on a wide front. The fact that only 41% have installed their collector points to the importance of timing but also to the way in which self-building courses serve as a first step into renewable energy. Overall our results indicate that self-building courses offer possibilities for material engagement that has outcomes beyond the immediate objectives of the course.
The study reveals deviations between various banking services and company-level results regarding consumers’ trust in their banking relationships. Consumer trust is the highest in banking accounts and the lowest in investments and pensions. The study also highlights deviations in consumer trust between European countries, and identifies countries with low, medium and high trust in banking and in distinct banking services.
CASI Mobilisation and Mutual Learning (MML) Action Plans: mainstreaming Science in Society actions in research
Cities have been recognized to be important economic actors. They can contribute to initiatives and long-term projects that build new innovation ecosystems which in turn can open new opportunities and perspectives.